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Lawn & Gardening Benefits of Composting

Make your garbage work for you! Get bigger more nutritious vegetables, fruits, plants and herbs with composting.

Typically are 2 types of composting: cold and hot.

Cold composting is simply collecting yard waste and/or taking organic materials such as fruit and vegetable peels, coffee grounds, filters, eggshells, etc. then corralling them in a pile or bin. Within the year or so, the material will decompose.

Hot composting is a faster process and considered to be geared toward the more serious gardener. You’ll get compost in 1-3 months during the warm weather. You need 4 ingredients for the fast-cooking hot compost process: nitrogen, carbon, air, and water. Together, these items feed microorganisms which will speed up the decaying process for compost.

You can also use the worm composting process (vermicompost) for your hot compost. The worms eat your food scraps, release castings that are rich in nitrogen. Any old worms won’t do, you need red worms or “red wigglers”. They can be purchased inexpensively at your local garden supply store or online.

Who can compost?

Why compost?

What can be composted?

What Cannot Be Composted

Kitchen Compost Pail or Scrap Bucket

How to Hot Compost

Turn/stir the pile with a garden fork once a week order to provide the compost with the needed oxygen. The optimum time to turn the compost is when the center of the pile feels warm or when a thermometer reads between 130 and 150 degrees F. Stirring up the pile will help it cook faster and prevents material from becoming matted down and developing an odor.
For more info on composting in the Lehigh Valley and Pocono area view Lehigh Valley Authority and Monroe County Waste Authority.
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